The term holomedicine is appearing more and more frequently, whether in the press, at congresses and discourses or in specialist literature. And one thing you can be sure of, it will become even more. But what does holomedicine mean, how does it work and what advantages does it bring to doctors, patients and the clinic?
What is Holomedizin?
Holomedicine is derived from holograms and medicine and is a new type of medical technology. It is based on the technological progress of mixed reality. The real world is extended by holograms, which appear as 3D objects in space and are perceived through appropriate glasses, such as the HoloLens from Microsoft. The holograms interact with the user(s) and can be positioned anywhere in the room.
This innovative technology opens up enormous new possibilities for the medical world, diagnostics, intraoperative procedures, patient care and much more. In concrete terms, it means that all medical data is available as 3D holograms to doctors, hospital staff and patients.
The general public is hardly aware of what a doctor does and how much experience he must have when looking at MRI and CT images. These are 2-dimensional tomographic images and are taken from front to back, from right to left and from top to bottom. Since we humans are three-dimensional, however, the doctor has to reconstruct the 3-dimensionality himself from the tomographic images. This requires a lot of experience, because pathologies are not necessarily straight-line and can have different shapes and lengths. The physician must memorize these well, especially before an operation.
During an intraoperative procedure, the doctor can usually only look into the MRI and CT images of the patient with difficulty. He must remain sterile. So the nurses hold up selected images printed on paper. The images are usually his only orientation in relation to the patient’s anatomy.
VSI Virtual Surgery Intelligence is the pioneer of holomedicine. It enables the physician to see the MRT and CT images of the patient in 3 dimensions. This allows pathology, fracture, etc. to be localized more quickly and precisely. The planning of the operation can also be prepared virtually and taken into the operating room. If necessary, the surgeon can call up the stored OR planning without touching it, look at the patient’s anatomy and planning again and even place the 3D image on the patient/OP site in order to make comparisons. The patient is automatically recognized by the VSI and the 3D image is virtually placed on him. This is possible through the use of artificial intelligence (AI). The AI algorithms have been specially designed, trained and tested in forensic medicine.
Placement helps the physician to orientate himself more precisely and safely, saves valuable operation time and avoids post-operations. Patient safety increases and the daily work of the physician and OR staff is made easier.
Documentation and rounds:
In addition, the doctor is able to take photos and videos from the view of the glasses, i.e. his view, save and speak the OP report. This is stored as text in the hospital system. The same can also be done during the round. Photos and videos of the healing process can be taken so that the doctor who takes over the visit the next day has precise knowledge about it. The visit report can also be read directly, as can the discharge letter. This shortens hospital processes and makes them more effective.
In addition to the report, meditation with the VSI, for example, can also be initiated directly in conversation with the patient and saved in the system. Thus, the nurses and nurses know immediately what is going on.
Holomedicine affects all areas of a clinic, including patient education. With the VSI, doctor and patient can look together at the 3D images. The doctor can thus explain the pathology, the upcoming operation or the course of the disease to the patient much more clearly.
Telemedicine and holoportation
Holomedicine not only raises telemedicine to a new level, but also makes holoportation possible.
Telemedicine via VSI and Mixed Reality also allows intraoperative communication. The operating physician can call a colleague on his laptop and give him a precise view of the surgical site and at the same time talk to him on the phone.
Holoportation also works with the help of Kinect cameras. A doctor who is located elsewhere can be present as a hologram in the operating room or on the tumor board. This also happens the other way round, the operating theatre and the participants of the tumour board are projected to him in the room and he can long for them through the glasses.
Of course, Holomedicine can also be used to train junior doctors. A big advantage: They are trained on the basis of original MRT and CT data. With the use of the telesurgery function, the surgeon’s view can be projected onto an external screen so that the assistant doctors can see exactly how the experienced surgeon is proceeding.
What are the advantages of Holomedicine?
The great advantage of holomedicine is the visualization of medical images, disease progressions and medical data. This enables the highest precision, faster diagnoses, more accurate localization and improved patient care.
What is a Holoclinic?
A Holoclinic is a hospital that uses Holomedicine. The VSI is linked to the hospital IT landscape, so that the processes in the clinic are faster and more efficient, doctors and nursing staff are relieved.
As a rule, the clinic’s most innovative department starts to introduce the VSI. The IT systems are connected and everything is connected. This is followed by the next department until the entire clinic becomes the Holoclinic.
What are the technical requirements?
The technical requirements are quite manageable. In addition to the hardware (mixed reality glasses) and the software (VSI Virtual Surgery Intelligence), a fast WLAN connection is needed.